Grades 11-12: Researching to Deepen Understanding – Food

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http://odelleducation.com/literacy-curriculum/research

 (After selecting this link, scroll down to “Research Unit Grades 11-12”. When you open the folder for the FOOD Repository, the unit plan and all of the instructional materials are listed, including the “Research Topic Repository”)

COMMON CORE STANDARDS

Reading Literature

RL.11-12.1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain.

RL.11-12.2 Determine two or more themes or central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including how they interact and build on one another to produce a complex account; provide an objective summary of the text.

RL.11-12.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including words with multiple meanings or language that is particularly fresh, engaging, or beautiful. (Include Shakespeare as well as other authors.)

RL.11-12.6 Analyze a case in which grasping a point of view requires distinguishing what is directly stated in a text from what is really meant (e.g., satire, sarcasm, irony, or understatement).

RL.11-12.9 Demonstrate knowledge of eighteenth-, nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century foundational works of American literature, including how two or more texts from the same period treat similar themes or topics.

RL.11-12.10 By the end of grade 11, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 11-CCR text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. By the end of grade 12, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of the grades 11-CCR text complexity band independently and proficiently.

Reading Informational Text

RI.11-12.1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain.

RI.11-12.2 Determine two or more central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including how they interact and build on one another to provide a complex analysis; provide an objective summary of the text.

RI.11-12.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze how an author uses and refines the meaning of a key term or terms over the course of a text (e.g., how Madison defines faction in Federalist No. 10).

RI.11-12.6 Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text in which the rhetoric is particularly effective, analyzing how style and content contribute to the power, persuasiveness or beauty of the text.

RI.11-12.7 Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in different media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively) as well as in words in order to address a question or solve a problem.

RI.11-12.9 Analyze seventeenth-, eighteenth-, and nineteenth-century foundational U.S. documents of historical and literary significance (including The Declaration of Independence, the Preamble to the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address) for their themes, purposes, and rhetorical features.

RI.11-12.10  By the end of grade 11, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 11-CCR text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.  By the end of grade 12, read and comprehend literary nonfiction at the high end of the grades 11-CCR text complexity band independently and proficiently.

Writing

W.11-12.2 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

W.11-12.4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.

W.11-12.5 Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience.

W.11-12.7 Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.

W.11-12.8 Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital sources, using advanced searches effectively; assess the strengths and limitations of each source in terms of the task, purpose, and audience; integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the flow of ideas, avoiding plagiarism and overreliance on any one source and following a standard format for citation.

W.11-12.9 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

Speaking and Listening

SL.11-12.1 Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 11-12 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.

College and Career Readiness Anchor Standards for Reading

CCRA.R.9 Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.

DESCRIPTION OF UNIT

This Grade 11-12 unit titled “Researching to Deepen Understanding: FOOD” from odelleducation.com is part of the developing core proficiencies program intended to be completed in three weeks of direct instruction in ELA/Literacy. The instruction is organized into the steps of the research process that has students initiate inquiry, deepen understanding, finalize inquiry, and develop an evidence-based perspective. The unit is scaffolded to support students’ ability to archive and organize information in order to see and analyze connections in ways that aid comprehension, deepen understanding, and prepare them to express their evolving perspective. Students create an insightful and defensible research-based perspective and its component claims as their culminating assessment.

CAUTIONS

Connecticut teachers should be aware that if a teacher of a food course decides to implement this unit, coordination with a district curriculum specialist and/or an English teacher may be helpful because some modifications will be necessary including: the replacement of the ELA standards listed above with the English Language Arts Standards in Science and Technical Subjects that are targeted in this unit, possibly additional course content to meet grade-specific content standards, and assessment and/or rubric revision, if necessary.  Teacher notes and preparation materials are extensive and will require familiarity to be used effectively.

RATIONALE FOR SELECTION

The unit is an exemplary model of a research topic repository for ELA/Literacy instruction which could easily be incorporated into the curriculum of a foods course to add the rigor of CCSS into its program. It includes a progression of learning where concepts and skills advance and deepen over time and is structured to provide all of the materials required to lead students through the research process. The plan includes tools and checklists that are available as editable PDF forms. The unit includes aligned rubrics and assessment guidelines that provide excellent guidance for interpreting student performance.